3. Scoring

3.1. Earning Points

Jammers score one point every time they lap an opponent.

—Origin: Section 3.1

Scenario C3.1.A

Red Jammer approaches the Pack for their second trip while White Jammer is still in the Pack. Red Jammer passes all opponents except a White Non-Pivot Blocker, who blocks Red Jammer out, forcing Red Jammer to re-enter behind the Pack. Before Red Jammer re-enters the Pack, White Jammer passes the Star to White Pivot. Red Jammer re-enters the Pack, passes all opponents again, and exits the Engagement Zone.

Points: Five points.

Rationale: Points are earned for lapping opponents, not specific positions. What matters is that the White Skaters in question were lapped only once each during Red Jammer’s second trip through the Pack.

Keep in Mind: Were it White Pivot who blocked Red Jammer out, and White Pivot exited the Engagement Zone before being passed, Red Jammer would have earned only four points even though they had passed the original White Jammer once while they were a Jammer and then again while they were a Blocker.

Scenario C3.1.B

The Red Jammer is in lapping position on the White Jammer. Red Jammer enters the pack ahead of White Jammer, while White Jammer is approaching the pack for their second trip. Red Jammer passes the Star, and the new Red Jammer escapes the pack. White Jammer enters the pack and passes all four Red Blockers (including the original Red Jammer).

Points: White Jammer scores four points.

Rationale: All Blockers are considered to be tied together with respect to the opposing Jammer’s trip through the pack. So, even though the White Jammer did not lap the original Red Jammer, when the Red Jammer became a Blocker, this gave the White Jammer lapping position.

Scenario C3.1.C

Red Jammer is on their initial trip through the Pack and has earned a pass on all opponents. White Jammer is on the track but takes a knee to re-tie their skate. The Pack (with Red Jammer still in it) leaves White Jammer behind, and then re-absorbs White Jammer from the front. Red Jammer earns a pass on re-absorbed White Jammer and exits the Engagement Zone.

Points: One point (on Red Jammer’s initial trip through the Pack).

Rationale: On their first trip through the Pack, Red Jammer successfully lapped White Jammer, and the pass was earned. No other Skaters had been lapped.

Keep in Mind: It does not matter that this was a White Jammer. If a White Blocker were somehow re-absorbed into the front of the Pack and lapped by Red Jammer, Red Jammer would have earned a point for earning a pass that constituted lapping that White Blocker.

Scenario C3.1.D

White Jammer is on their second trip through the Pack and jumps the apex, passing all four Red Blockers while mid-air. White Jammer’s right skate lands in bounds, with their hips ahead of all Blockers. Moments later, White Jammer’s left skate lands out of bounds.

Points: Four points.

Rationale: White Jammer’s in bounds status was maintained while airborne because the first part of their skate to touch back down touched in bounds. White Jammer’s upright status was maintained while airborne because they touched the ground skate-first. The fact that White Jammer touched out of bounds with the other skate does not affect points (but may affect their subsequent position relative to the Skaters they passed while airborne).

3.2. Scoring Trips

Points are grouped by trips through the pack

—Origin: Section 3.2

Scenario C3.2.A

Red Jammer lines up to start the Jam in front of White Jammer. After the Jam-Starting Whistle, Red Jammer breaks out of the Pack and earns Lead Jammer (thereby passing everyone) while White Jammer remains held back. Red Jammer skates around, earns a pass on all Blockers plus White Jammer, and calls off the Jam.

Points: Five points.

Rationale: Red Jammer earned passes on all five opponents (four Blockers and one Jammer) during their second trip through the Pack. Accordingly, the passes constituted laps, and were earned.

Scenario C3.2.B

White Jammer is sent to the Penalty Box shortly after the Jam begins (on their first trip through the Pack). Red Jammer completes their first trip through the Pack, and begins their second. Red Jammer earns a pass on two opposing Blockers before the Jam is called.

Points: Three points.

Rationale: On Red Jammer’s second trip through the Pack, they earned a pass on White Jammer by earning a pass on the first White Blocker while White Jammer was penalized.

Scenario C3.2.C

At the start of the Jam, Red Jammer blocks White Jammer out of bounds and skates clockwise. Red Jammer leaves the Engagement Zone from the rear, re-enters it from the front, and skates in-bounds to the rear of the Pack. White Jammer comes in behind Red Jammer, and gets stuck in the Pack prior to re-starting their initial trip through the Pack. Red Jammer skates forward, exits the Engagement Zone from the front, enters the Engagement Zone from the rear, earns passes on all opponents, and completes their initial trip through the Pack.

Points: One point.

Rationale: Even though Red Jammer earned passes while “lapping” all opposing Skaters (all the opposing Blockers, plus the opposing Jammer) on their initial trip through the Pack, passes prior to the initial trip do not count toward lapping Blockers. But they do count toward lapping Jammers; at the end of their initial trip through the Pack, Red Jammer has passed all opponents, but is only said to have lapped White Jammer.

Scenario C3.2.D

White Jammer begins the Jam in the Penalty Box. Red Jammer finishes their first trip through the Pack and begins their second. White Jammer returns to the track behind Red Jammer. Red Jammer earns passes on all opponents and exits the front of the Engagement Zone.

Points: Five points.

Rationale: Because White Jammer returned to the track behind Red Jammer, Red Jammer could still earn a pass on White Jammer by earning a pass on a White Blocker. In this way, White Jammer was just like any White Skater.

Keep in Mind: If White Jammer had passed Red Jammer before Red Jammer passed that first White Blocker, Red Jammer would not have earned a pass on White Jammer in the same manner.

Scenario C3.2.E

White Jammer begins the Jam in the Penalty Box. Red Jammer passes all opposing Blockers on their initial trip through the Pack, then gets recycled to the rear of the Pack. White Jammer is released and returns behind the Pack in front of Red Jammer. Red Jammer completes their initial trip, earning passes on all opponents, while White Jammer remains stuck on their first trip.

Points: Zero points for Red Jammer.

Rationale: When Red Jammer passed the first opposing Blocker, Red Jammer earned a pass on White Jammer (who was seated in the Box). That pass counts as a single pass until Red Jammer completes their initial trip through the Pack. Even though Red Jammer later re-earned a pass on White Jammer during their initial trip through the Pack, it is considered to be the same pass twice (rather than two passes in a row) and not a lap.

Keep in Mind: If White Jammer had returned to the Pack just ahead of the Engagement Zone, and Red Jammer had just completed their initial trip through the Pack, then Red Jammer would be in lapping position on their second trip through the Pack. White Jammer could have returned behind the Pack, rather than in front of it, in order to avoid being lapped so quickly.

3.3. Scoring Avoidance

Opponents can only avoid being scored upon by remaining ahead of the Jammer, or by ensuring that when they are passed, the pass is not earned.

—Origin: Section 3.3

Scenario C3.3.A

White Jammer is on their second trip through the Pack and earns a pass on all opposing Blockers except Red Pivot, who is in front of them. White Jammer exits the front of the Engagement Zone with Red Pivot still in front of them.

Points: Four points.

Rationale: Leaving the Engagement Zone ahead of the opposing Jammer is not a valid means for a Blocker such as Red Pivot to avoid being scored upon. Via this action, they denied White Jammer the opportunity to earn a pass on them during their second trip through the Pack. Thus, White Jammer is considered to have earned a pass on Red Pivot upon completing their second trip through the Pack. The other opposing Blockers had already been scored upon as usual.

Keep in Mind: Had the Jam ended before White Jammer exited the Engagement Zone but while Red Pivot was ahead of them and also ahead of the Engagement Zone, White Jammer would have earned the pass on Red Pivot for the same reason because the Jam ending completes the scoring pass. However, had Red Pivot remained inside the Engagement Zone but ahead of White Jammer, White Jammer would not have earned a pass on Red Pivot because they had the opportunity to do so while inside the Engagement Zone.

Scenario C3.3.B

White Jammer is on their second trip through the Pack. They earn a pass on all opposing Blockers except Red Pivot, who is in front of them. They have not passed Red Jammer. Red Pivot forces White Jammer out of bounds, and then goes out of play. Red Pivot turns around, returns to play, and ends up behind White Jammer who is still out of bounds. White Jammer re-enters in front of Red Pivot, and just ahead of the Engagement Zone.

Points: Three points.

Rationale: When White Jammer re-entered the track outside the Engagement Zone, their second trip through the Pack was complete. At that time, Red Pivot was in play. As such, White Jammer had the opportunity to earn a pass on Red Pivot during that trip through the Pack by returning to play inside the Engagement Zone, and then passing the Red Pivot.

Scenario C3.3.C

White Jammer begins their second trip through the Pack. Red Jammer is sent to the Penalty Box and is seated. Red Blocker 1 is also sent to the Box. Red Blocker 2 removes themself from play to address an equipment issue. Red Jammer is then released from the Box and legally returns to the track (behind everyone, including White Jammer). White Jammer has not passed Red Blockers 3 or 4. The Jam is then called off.

Points: Zero points.

Rationale: White Jammer did not earn a pass on any opponents before the Jam ended.

Keep in Mind: White Jammer had the opportunity to earn a pass on Red Blockers 3 or 4, which would have thereby earned a pass on Red Blocker 1, Red Blocker 2, and Red Jammer for a total of four points.

Scenario C3.3.D

White Jammer begins their second trip through the Pack. Red Jammer is sent to the Penalty Box and is seated. Red Blockers 1 and 2 are already seated in the Box. Red Blocker 3 goes to the Box for another penalty. Red Blocker 4 removes themself from play to address an equipment issue. White Jammer skates past their own teammates.

Points: Five points.

Rationale: Because there was no opportunity for White Jammer to earn a pass on any of their opponents, White Jammer earns a pass on all of them by completing the trip through the Engagement Zone as defined during a No Pack situation.

Scenario C3.3.E

White Jammer begins their second trip through the Pack. Red Jammer is sent to the Penalty Box and is seated. Red Blockers 1 and 2 are already seated in the Box. Red Blocker 3 loses a toe stop and removes themself from active play. Red Blocker 4 is issued a penalty and is told to remain on the track, but skates off anyway. White Jammer skates past their teammates and Red Blocker 4 while the Officials tell Red Blocker 4 to return to the track.

Points: Five points.

Rationale: Because Red Blocker 4 was not sent off the track to the Box, that Blocker is still part of active gameplay (just out of bounds). When White Jammer skated past Red Blocker 4, the pass was earned as usual even though Red Blocker 4 was out of bounds at the time.

Keep in Mind: If Red Blocker 4 had taken off quickly so that White Jammer was denied the opportunity to earn a pass on Red Blocker 4, then when White Jammer completed their trip through the Engagement Zone, they would have earned the pass on Red Blocker 4 just as though Red Blocker 4 were ahead of the Engagement Zone (but still in bounds). Because there is no Pack, White Jammer’s trip through the Engagement Zone is completed when they pass the foremost Blocker (in this case, their teammate).

Scenario C3.3.F

Red Jammer commits a penalty at the beginning of their second trip through the Pack, not having earned any passes on opponents during that trip. While Red Jammer is in the Penalty Box, two White Blockers are sent to the Box. Red Jammer is released and returns to the Engagement Zone. The Pack is moving fast, and Red Jammer does not pass anybody. The other two White Blockers are released and return to the track behind Red Jammer. The Jam ends.

Points: Zero points.

Rationale: Red Jammer had an opportunity to earn a pass on the two penalized White Blockers by earning a pass on one of the other, unpenalized White Blockers.

Scenario C3.3.G

Red Jammer and White Jammer both commit penalties during their initial trips through the Pack and return from the Penalty Box shortly after one another. Red Jammer completes their initial trip first and skates around, earning passes on two opposing Blockers as White Jammer completes their initial trip through the Pack. Red Jammer gets stuck as White Jammer skates around, passes all opponents on their second trip, and exits the Engagement Zone. Red Jammer makes it through the Pack and also exits the Engagement Zone. Red Jammer and White Jammer block each other, each passing the other a few times. The Jam ends.

Points: Both Jammers earn four points for their second trip through the Pack, and zero points for their third trip.

Rationale: When Red Jammer exited their initial trip ahead of White Jammer, they were in position to lap White Jammer, but did not. White Jammer exited the Pack before they were lapped, and earned lapping position on Red Jammer during their second trip. Red Jammer regained lapping position shortly after exiting the Engagement Zone, but neither Jammer ever lapped the other.

Scenario C3.3.H

Red Jammer and White Jammer both commit penalties during their initial trips through the Pack and return from the Penalty Box shortly after one another. Red Jammer is the first to complete their initial trip through the Pack and skates around, earning passes on all opponents (including White Jammer) as White Jammer is stuck on their first trip.

Red Jammer completes their third and fourth trips in the same manner and gets stuck on their fifth trip (having not passed White Jammer on their fifth trip) before White Jammer escapes. At this point, White Jammer completes their second and third trips in the same manner, while Red Jammer is stuck on their fifth trip. Red Jammer has passed all of the opposing Blockers during their fifth trip when the Jam ends.

Points: Red Jammer earns five points for their second, third, and fourth trips, and four points for their fifth trip. White Jammer earns four points for their second trip and five points for their third trip.

Rationale: The total number of laps does not matter; what matters is whether a given earned pass represents a single instance of lapping the opponent. Even though Red Jammer passed White Jammer four times in a row, totalling three laps, White Jammer managed to lap Red Jammer once shortly thereafter.

Scenario C3.3.I

Red Jammer completes their first trip through the Pack and has passed one opposing Blocker when they remove the Star. While the Star is off, the three other opposing Blockers commit penalties and are sent to the Penalty Box. The Jam ends while Red Jammer’s Star is still in their hand.

Outcome: One point.

Rationale: Red Jammer was not able to earn points while the Star was off, but they still receive the point earned while the Star was on.

Keep in Mind: If Red Jammer had put the Star back on before the end of the Jam, they would have earned points for the other opposing Blockers as soon as the Star was back on their helmet.

3.4. Penalized Jammers

When a Skater is penalized, they are considered to no longer be on the track

—Origin: Section 3.4

Scenario C3.4.A

Red Jammer completes their first trip through the Pack and has not passed any opposing Blockers when they commit two penalties in quick succession. They are sent to the Penalty Box for 60 seconds, during which all four opposing Blockers also commit penalties and are sent to the Box. Red Jammer returns to the rear of the Pack, but the Jam ends before they can pass any opponents.

Outcome: Zero points.

Rationale: Red Jammer did not earn a pass on any opponent, so they were not eligible to earn any not-on-the-track points.

Keep in Mind: If Red Jammer had earned a pass on any opposing Blockers before their penalty was served, they would have earned points for the other opposing Blockers upon returning to the track.

Keep in Mind: If Red Jammer had earned a pass on an opposing Blocker once they returned from serving their penalty but before the Jam ended, they would have also earned a point on any opposing Blockers still seated in the Box or any Opposing Blockers returning from the Box behind the Red Jammer.

3.5. Errors in Scoring & Score Reporting

No scenarios for Section 3.5